The skin of small babies and toddlers is very delicate and sensitive. When compared to the adult skin toddlers & babies get skin conditions easily. This definitely becomes a cause of worry for the parents as they don’t know what the cause is and why are the skin conditions happening.
We Are Listing Down 7 Very Commonly Experienced Skin Conditions Which Occur In Small Babies And Toddlers:
1. Contact Dermatitis
Contact dermatitis usually happens as a result of coming in contact with some irritant substances. These substances could either be chemical shampoos, or some irritant natural substances like grass, plants etc. These substances cause irritation on contact. The common appearance of contact dermatitis is development of red itchy patches and bumps at the site of irritation. Usually the contact dermatitis is healed once you remove the source of irritation, applying a light moisturiser also helps. In cases when the irritation does not go away and remains persistent, talk to your paediatrician.
Another very common skin condition which occurs in babies and toddlers is eczema. It could happen anywhere on the body and is mostly dry in nature. There are dry patches which are itchy in nature that appear over the skin. In advanced cases of eczema these crusty patches could also start releasing some pus or liquid like substance. Eczema causes a lot of irritation and discomfort for the baby. It occurs either due to an allergy or excessive sweating or due to uncomfortable clothing, use of some products etc. The best way to heal eczema patches is to use gentle products on the skin, keep the skin dry and clean as well as keep the skin moisturised. In serious cases the paediatrician will prescribe a steroid ointment for better healing.
Seborrhoea commonly occurs in small babies as well as toddlers due to excessive production of sebum or oil. It is basically a rash which most commonly appears on different parts of the face – scalp, forehead, eyebrows, as well as on the neck, chest, and other parts of the upper body. This rash due to seborrhoea is red and pimple like in appearance however these rashes do not cause discomfort unlike other mentioned rashes. The best treatment for seborrhoea is to massage the affected part using olive oil or coconut oil (you can add some camphor to it); this helps in treating the scaly skin and treats the rash. For the affected scalp portion an anti-dandruff shampoo can also be used.
4. Prickly Heat
The prickly heat rash is the most common of all skin conditions which happens in babies. It is reddish and itchy in nature and occurs mostly on the back of the neck, back area, buttocks etc. You can say the parts that are exposed to heat or humidity are affected. The best treatment is to reduce the heat for the baby, use a dry powder to reduce moisture as well as make use of soft cotton clothes to keep the baby cool.
Intertrigo happens usually till an age of 5-6 months, especially in chubby babies. It is a rash and occurs in the skin folds due to heat and humidity. The rash becomes itchy over time. Best treatment approach is to use dry absorbent powders which soak the moisture; you can also make use of some petroleum jelly to protect the creases and skin folds.