When your child suddenly runs up to you with blood dripping from his / her nose, it can be really scary for you as a parent. It may be startling for you how to make the nosebleed stop. As a parent staying calm will be the first thing you should do and also try to help your child stay calm. Though nosebleed in children may appear scary, but most often they are not so serious. Nosebleed is quite common among kids 3 to 10 years of age. It can be stopped and managed easily at home; if you know why does nosebleed happens.
Types of Nose Bleed
There can be two kinds of nosebleeds. Anterior or posterior; Anterior nose bleed is quite common in which blood comes from the front of the nose, due to breakage of the tiny blood vessels inside the nose called capillaries. A posterior nosebleed is more serious kind of nose bleed which comes deeper part of the nose. The blood starts flowing down the back of the throat. But this kind of nose bleed rarely happens in kids. A posterior nosebleed usually happens to older adults with very high blood pressure or having nose of face injury.
Causes Of Nosebleed In Children
The primary cause of nosebleed among kids is dry air. A dry climate during winter or heated indoor air dehydrates and irritates the nasal membranes, causes crusts and when scratched or picked, the nose may start to bleed. Sinus infection, bacterial infection, cold allergies can also irritate the lining of child’s nose when the child have nasal congestion. Bleeding can occur due to repeated nose blowing. The medicine prescribed by physician for itchy, runny or stuffy nose can even dry out the nasal membranes and cause bleeding. If your child gets nose injury, he/she can have nose bleed. These kinds of injuries aren’t a problem if bleeding stops within 10 minutes. Seek medical help if you are unable to stop the bleeding.
Ways To Stop Nose Bleed In Children:
1. Do Not Panic
You will be able to keep you child stay calm and slow down your child’s nose bleed easily, if you yourself stay calm. Also assure the child that it is nothing serious. You are there to help him.
2. Make The Child Sit
Get your child sit upright in a chair or on your lap and tilt his/her head little forward. Do not lean child’s head back. It can further allow the blood to flow down towards the back of their throat. As it tastes bad, it can cause coughing, gagging or vomiting.
3. Pinch The Nose Gently
Pinch gently child’s soft part of the nose below the bony ridge using a tissue or clean cloth.
4. Apply Pressure
Apply gentle pressure for at least10 minutes and allow your child to breathe through his/her mouth. Stopping too soon may start bleeding again. Application of ice wrapping on a towel may also work to stop nosebleed.
5. Let The Child Relax
Ask the child to relax for a while after a nose bleed. When the nose bleed has stopped completely, keep the child’s head above level of his heart. Don’t allow him to lie down or take a nap immediately. Let him sit upright and play. Restrict the child from nose-blowing, rubbing or picking.
If nosebleed does not stop after trying these measures, seek immediate medical attention.